With my colleague Benjamin Huppert I just published a paper arguing that genetic influences on sports performance have important implications for distributive justice. In particular, we argue that because favorable genes are undeserved, radically unequal distribution of goods on their basis cannot be justified with reference to desert. Rather, highly differentiated competition classes should be used to level the playing field. To the extent that the distribution of goods in other areas of life is similarly governed, our argument applies more generally.
Download link (German text): http://www.praktische-philosophie.org/uploads/8/0/5/2/80520134/zfpp.2.206.huppert.wuendisch.pdf